Crude oil api gravity list

API Gravity is the oil industry standard used to determine and classify the density of oil. Because density is a measure of weight per volume, API can be used to calculate how many barrels of crude can be extracted from a metric ton of a 

Generally speaking, oil with an API gravity between 40 and 45 commands the highest prices. Above 45 degrees the molecular chains become shorter and less valuable to refineries. [1] Crude oil is classified as light, medium or heavy, according to its measured API gravity. Light crude oil is defined as having an API gravity higher than 31.1 °API. Crude oil is considered “heavy” if it is high in wax content, or “light” if low in wax content: an API gravity of 34 or higher is “light”, between 31-33 is “medium”, and 30 or below is “heavy”. Crude is considered “sweet” if it is low in sulphur content (< 0.5%/weight), or “sour” if high (> 1.0%/weight). Below is an overview of the four major crude oil classifications: Any crude oil with API gravity of over 31.1 degrees falls into the light crude oil category. Oils with API gravity falling between 22.3 and 31.1 degrees are classed as medium crude oils. Heavy crude oils have API gravity of under 22.3. Crude oil is considered "heavy" if it has long hydrocarbon chains, or "light" if it has short hydrocarbon chains: an API gravity of 34 or higher is "light", between 31-33 is "medium", and 30 or below is "heavy". Light crude oil is defined as having an API gravity higher than 31.1 °API. Medium oil is defined as having an API gravity between 22.3 °API and 31.1 °API. Heavy oil is defined as having an API gravity below 22.3 °API. Classifications are made based on the sulfur content as well. API gravity = (141.5/Specific Gravity) – 131.5 Though API values do not have units, they are often referred to as degrees. So the API gravity of West Texas Intermediate is said to be 39.6 degrees. API gravity moves inversely to density, which means the denser an oil is, the lower its API gravity will be.

Girassol: crude of medium viscosity and low sulphur content (API 30.8º and 0.34 % sulphur). This blend is made of oil from fields Girassol and Jasmin. Hungo: medium viscosity and semi-sweet crude (28.5º API and 0.71 

17 Feb 2011 The different types of crude oil are classified based on the American Petroleum Gravity (API) gravity and viscosity. The properties may vary in terms of proportion of hydrocarbon elements, sulfur content etc as it is extracted  14 Aug 2018 The WTI crude oil stream in Houston is a fungible blend of domestic light sweet streams with quality parameters of 44 degrees API gravity maximum and 0.45% sulfur maximum, which are slightly lighter than the WTI  AR3046 API Gravity in Crude Oil CRM. Alpha Part No. AR3046. UOM. 0.5L. Request a Quote. Related Documents. Current Certificate · SDS. OEM Part Numbers. None Available. OEM Part No: The use of the OEM part numbers is intended for  Oil Statistics List. Click to download. (Style : Worksheet file). 01. Supply and Demand of Crude Oil [xls] (2020/03/10 UP); 02. Supply and Demand of Petroleum Oil Stockpiling [xls] (2020/03/16 UP); 10. Specific Gravity [xls] (2015/ 04/17 UP); 11  Specific Gravity Chart. Product. Temperature (˚F). Temperature (˚C). Specific Gravity (SG). Acetaldehyde Cotton seed oil. 60. 15.6. 0.88-0.93. Cresol. 77. 25. 1.027. Creosote. 60. 15.6. 1.04-1.10. Crude oil 48˚ API. 60. 15.6. 0.79. Crude oil 48˚ 

Crude's classification as either “light” or “heavy” depends on the oil’s relative density, based on the American Petroleum Institute (API) Gravity. This measurement reflects how light or heavy a crude oil is compared to water. If an oil’s API Gravity is greater than 10, it is lighter than water and will float on it.

What Are The Crude Oil Classification? API classifies crude oil into 4 categories depending on their API Gravity range: Light – API > 31.1. Medium – API between 22.3 and 31.1. Heavy – API between 10 and 22.3. Extra Heavy – API < 10.0 (heavier than water) In 2016, the majority (51%) of the 8.4 million barrels per day (b/d) of crude oil produced in the Lower 48 states was light oil, or less dense oil with an API gravity of 40.1 or above. Light oil also made up more than half of the oil produced in 2015. API gravity is measured as the inverse of the density of a petroleum liquid relative to water. The American Petroleum Institute gravity, or API gravity, is a measure of how heavy or light a petroleum liquid is compared to water. if its API gravity is greater than 10, it is lighter and floats on water; if less than 10, it is heavier and sinks. Calculation of API gravity. API is calculated from a hydrocarbon's specific gravity using this formula: API = (141.5/Specific Gravity) - 131.5. API gravity of crude oil grades. A crude oil will typically have an API between 15 and 45 degrees. Higher API indicates a lighter (lower density) crude. Lower API indicates a heavier (more dense) crude. Generally, lighter (high API) crudes are more valuable because they yield more high-value light products when run through a refinery.

What Are The Crude Oil Classification? API classifies crude oil into 4 categories depending on their API Gravity range: Light – API > 31.1. Medium – API between 22.3 and 31.1. Heavy – API between 10 and 22.3. Extra Heavy – API < 10.0 (heavier than water)

In crude oil …petroleum industry, however, uses the American Petroleum Institute (API) gravity scale, in which pure water has been arbitrarily assigned an API gravity of 10°. Liquids lighter than water, such as oil, have API gravities numerically 

26 Jun 2013 Crude oils that are light (higher degrees of API gravity, or lower density) and sweet (low sulfur content) are usually priced higher than heavy, sour crude oils. This is partly because gasoline and diesel fuel, which typically sell at 

If an oil's API Gravity is less than 10, it is heavier than water and will sink. Lighter crude is less expensive to produce. It has a higher percentage  Crude oil comes in hundreds of different varieties or "grades." These grades are valued differently by refiners based on their crude qualities. Some of the more common crude oil grades that have regular price assessments are: Crude, API, Sulfur  API Gravity is the oil industry standard used to determine and classify the density of oil. Because density is a measure of weight per volume, API can be used to calculate how many barrels of crude can be extracted from a metric ton of a  4 May 2016 PDF | DENSITY AND API GRAVITY OF CRUDE OIL SWEET AND SOUR CRUDE OIL; BENCHMARK OF CRUDE OIL; West Texas Intermediate (WTI) Brent Blend; Dated Brent What | Find, read and cite all the research you 

Below is an overview of the four major crude oil classifications: Any crude oil with API gravity of over 31.1 degrees falls into the light crude oil category. Oils with API gravity falling between 22.3 and 31.1 degrees are classed as medium crude oils. Heavy crude oils have API gravity of under 22.3. Crude oil is considered "heavy" if it has long hydrocarbon chains, or "light" if it has short hydrocarbon chains: an API gravity of 34 or higher is "light", between 31-33 is "medium", and 30 or below is "heavy".